Working memory is the retention of a small amount of information in a readily accessible form. It facilitates planning, comprehension, concentration, reasoning, and problem-solving.
Working memory is responsible for many of the skills children use to learn to read.
Being able to solve math problems requires the ability to recognise patterns in numbers. This eventually leads to the ability to remember mathematical formulas. The ability to remember, sequence, and visualize information can be difficult for a child with weak working memory skills.
Children rely on both incoming information and information stored in working memory to do an activity. If they have weak working memory skills, it’s hard to juggle both. This can make it challenging to follow multi-step directions.